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Learning Zone - Learn about the Weather

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Weather forecasting is a dificult science. Here at floodwarn we have put together some useful weather and flooding links for schools and colleges.

In addition to the weather forecasting and weather learning links we also have direct links to some useful weather related bookss, Dvds and weather stations.

The weather stations can be used at school or home.

The weather books are varied to include weather books for children and weather books for adults.

 

Books on weather forecasting

Thunderstorms & Lightning

Severe Weather Preparedness – Be prepared whenever severe weather like thunderstorms strike.

Thunderstorms and Tornadoes – Complete overview, including illustrations, of thunderstorms and tornadoes.

Thunderstorms – Gamma rays generated by severe weather.

Severe Weather – How to identify a thunderstorm.

Storm Chasers – Find out what it is like to chase storms.

Lightning Safety – Protect yourself from lightning.

Lightning – Is it safe to use a telephone during a lightning storm?

Blizzards

What is a Blizzard? – Learn about blizzards, wind chill factors, and safety precautions.

Winter Preparedness - Fact sheet to help prepare for blizzards and other natural disasters.

Winter Storms – Causes of blizzards and severe winter weather.

Injuries – Types of injuries are associated with blizzards and winter storms.

Winter Driving – Surviving a blizzard in an automobile or other vehicle.

 

Home and school Weather stations

 

 

Tornadoes

Tornado FAQ – Frequently asked questions about tornadoes and how to survive them.

Tornadoes – Causes, safety factors, and other important considerations.

FEMA Tornado Tips – Fact sheet about tornadoes from the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).

Tornado Safety -The causes of tornadoes and tips for tornado safety.

Tornado Safety – Find out what causes tornadoes and the truth about some tornado myths.

Hurricanes

Hurricane Research Division FAQ – Learn about hurricanes, typhoons, and other tropical storms.

Medical Devices and Hurricanes – Safeguard important medical devices during hurricanes.

Return Home After Hurricane – Return home safely and expedite cleanups and prevent potential health concerns.

NASA Hurricane Feature – All about hurricanes from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) with awesome photography.

Hurricane Facts – Learn how to be prepared for hurricanes before the disaster strikes.

 

DVDs, books on weather for school and home

 

 

Floods

Fluvial flooding

Rainfall over an extended period and an extended area can cause major rivers to overflow their banks.

The water can cover enormous areas.

Downstream areas may be affected, even when they didn’t receive much rain themselves.

With large rivers the process is relatively slow.

The rain water enters the river in many ways.

Some rain will fall into the river directly, but that alone doesn’t make the river rise high.

A lot of rain water will runoff the surface when the soil is already saturated or hard after drought.

It will flow to small rivers that flow to larger rivers and these rivers flow into even larger rivers.

In this way all the rain that fell in a large area in the catchment areas comes together in this one very large river.

When there is a lot of rain over a long period, you see the river rise gradually as it is fed with water from smaller rivers.

It takes time for all the rainwater to reach the river, but once it is in the river it has to flow downstream towards the sea.

While the water level slowly rises, officials like the Environment Agency can decide to evacuate people before the river overflows.

The area that is flooded can be huge. Villages surrounded by large stretches of water, effectively cutting towns and villages off.

Whole communities can become isolated from the rest of the world as roads are blocked and communications are down.

When a dike or a dam breaks and a lot of water is released suddenly, the speed of the water at the breach can be compared with the speed of a flash flood.

As a larger area gets covered the speed will be reduced.

The water spreads out as much as possible flowing to the lower lying areas before slowly rising.

A breach is very dangerous for the people living close to it. The strength of the water may carry cars, trees and even houses away and cause loss of life.

Pluvial flooding

Pluvial or Ponding is a type of flooding that can happen in relatively flat areas.

Rain water falling in an area is normally stored in the ground, in canals or lakes, or is drained away, or pumped out.

When more rainwater enters a water system than can be stored, or can leave the system, flooding occurs.

In this case, rain is the source of the flood: not water coming from a river, but water on its way to the river.

That's why it is also called "pluvial flood".

Puddles and ponds develop on the land, canals are filled to brim and spill over; gradually a layer of water covers the land.

It is like urban flooding, but without the sewage systems and in more rural areas.

Because of the gradual character people have time to go indoors or leave the area.

The layer of water is no more than centimeters or perhaps decimeters high and usually causes no immediate threat to people’s lifes, however it can occasionally increase

to a dangerous situation. All flood waters can hide summerged hazzards, contain pollutants and cause electrical hazzards.

Depending on the economic activity and size of the area that is covered it may cause immense economic damage.

 

 

Cleanup of Flood Water – What to do after the flood waters recede.

Flood Disaster Information – How to ensure a safe water supply and take care of other sanitation concerns after a flood.

Flood Safeguards – Protect yourself before, during, and after flood activity.

Caring for Livestock during Disaster – Safety measures for taking care of livestock during floods, blizzards, and other natural disasters.

Prevent Insect Infestations – Insects often invade homes after a flood. Find out how to keep these pests out.

Disaster Supplies Kit – Make your own disaster supply kit and be prepared for floods or other disaster situations.

Hailstorms / Hail Stones

Hail Season - Tips to avoid costly damage during hailstorm season.

What Causes Hail - The causes of hail and an overview of the trends of hail in the United States

What is Hail - How hail forms, its composition, and the difference between hail and other severe weather conditions.

Where Hail Forms - Hail is a global concern.

Hail Fact Sheet - Basic facts about hail and the destruction it causes.

 

Hail Facts - Random tidbits of information about hail.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weather forecasting is a dificult science. Here at floodwarn we have put together some useful weather and flooding links for schools and colleges.

In addition to the weather forecasting and weather learning links we also have direct links to some useful weather related bookss, Dvds and weather stations.

The weather stations can be used at school or home.

The weather books are varied to include weather books for children and weather books for adults.

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The data on this site is provided for purpose of information only and is not intended for any other reason, including but not limited to flood forecasting, flood prevention or predicting actual weather severity. It is up to you the user to decide if you need to take action and what action if any to take. Floodwarn shall not be liable for any errors, inaccuracies,misrepresentations, delay in the content, or for any action taken or not taken in reliance thereon. The FloodWarn site contains information that may or may not be accurate.

Please use the UK GOVERNMENT sites for reliable information.

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Weather Learning Zone
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The “Ring of Fire” also called the Circum-Pacific belt, is the zone of earthquakes surrounding the Pacific Ocean — about 90% of the world’s earthquakes occur there. The next most seismic region (5-6% of earthquakes) is the Alpide belt (extends from Mediterranean region, eastward through Turkey, Iran, and northern India.

The greatest mountain range is the Mid-Ocean Ridge, extending 64,374 km (40,000 mi) from the Arctic Ocean to the Atlantic Ocean, around Africa, Asia, and Australia, and under the Pacific Ocean to the west coast of North America. It has a greatest height of 4207m (13,800 ft) above the base ocean depth.

Subduction is the process of the oceanic lithosphere colliding with and descending beneath the continental lithosphere.